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The miracle of theism : arguments for and against the existence of God


TitleThe miracle of theism : arguments for and against the existence of God
作者(群)Mackie, J. L.
出版Clarendon Press

In The Miracle of Theism, J.L. Mackie examines the arguments for and against the existence of God from an atheistic perspective. John Mackie is a highly respected twentieth century philosopher and along with Anthony Flew has been one of the most capable contemporary proponents of atheism. Written almost a quarter of a century ago, "The Miracle of Theism" remains a classic in the field of religious philosophy and is widely considered to be one of the best-stated arguments for atheism in print. Unfortunately, many popular works supporting the atheistic perspective come across as unduly angry and self-righteous. In contrast, Mackie's work is a much-needed breath of fresh air. One may disagree with Mackie while at the same time respecting his views.

Miracles and testimony

– Hume's argument: exposition

– Hume's argument: discussion

– Descartes and the idea of God

– The argument of the Third Meditation: exposition

– The argument of the Third Meditation: discussion

– Ontological arguments

– Descartes's proof and Kant's criticism

– Anselm's ontological proof and Gaunilo's reply

– Plantinga's ontological proof

– Berkeley's God and immaterial realism

– Berkeley's theism: exposition

– Berkeley's theism: discussion

– Cosmological arguments

– Contingency and sufficient reason

– The regress of causes

– Finite past time and creation

– Swinburne's inductive cosmological argument

– Moral arguments for the existence of a God

– A popular line of thought

– Newman: conscience as the creative principle of religion

– Kant: God as a presupposition of morality

– Sidgwick: the duality of practical reason

– God and the objectivity of value

– The argument from consciousness

– Arguments for design.

– Hume's Dialogues: exposition

– Hume's Dialogues: discussion

– Swinburne's restatement

– The problem of evil

– Survey of the problem

– Attempts to sidestep the problem

– The paradox of omnipotence

– The free will defence

– Digression: the nature of free will

– The free will defence: continued

– Religious experience and natural histories of religion

– The varieties of religious experience

– Natural histories of religion

– Belief without reason

– Pascal's wager

– William James and the will to believe

– Kierkegaard and the primacy of commitment

– Religion without belief?

– Replacements for God

– Conclusions and implications

– The challenge of nihilism

– The balance of probabilities – The moral consequences of atheism.